Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2 Patriotism

Patriotism Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2, comprehension, grammar, Vocabulary, Writing skills, and summary fbise class 9th notes 2021.

Comprehension FBISE Notes Chapter 2 Patriotism

How will you define patriotism?

Patriotism is defined as the love for the motherland and devotion to one’s country. A patriot is ready to lose everything and is even ready to sacrifice his life for his country and nation.

What are the qualities of a patriot?

A patriot loves his country and is always willing to sacrifice everything for it. Sovereignty and integrity are the qualities of a true patriot for which no compromise can be made.

As a citizen of Pakistan, what are your duties towards your country?

As citizens of Pakistan, we must be loyal and honest to our country. We should obey all our national laws. We must live in peace with other citizens and work for the nation’s progress.

What makes us stay alert in the wake of foreign invasion?

It is the passion of patriotism that makes us alert and active. We become active and alert when foreign countries plan to attack us.

How will you elaborate on Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s quote?

“We must develop a sense of patriotism which galvanizes us all into one united and strong nation.”
Answer:
Quaid’s words mean that we must have strong feelings of love and devotion to our country. It makes us all a united and strong nation because we live and work for common aims and purposes.

Vocabulary Patriotism

Q.A) Guess the meaning of the following words. Confirm your meaning from the dictionary

Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2 Patriotism

Answer :

Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2 Patriotism

Q.B) Make as many words as from these roots words Examples :

Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2 Patriotism

Answer :

 Work

  1. workshop
  2. work hard
  3. work together
  4. worksheet
  5. work permit
  6. work place
  7. work hours
  8. work load
  9. workaround
  10. workbasket
  11. work board
  12. workbook
  13. workbox
  14. workday 

    play
    1. playground 
    2. play group
    3. playbook
    4. playmate
    5. playful
    6. playable
    7. playact
    8. play actor
    9. play along
    10. playback
    11. play box
    12. play day
    13. playfellow
    14. playfully
    15. play group

Q.C) Use the following words in sentences.

  • Sacrifice
  • Commendable
  • Prosperity
  • Invasion
  • Motherland
  • Responsible
  • Nationalism

Answer:
Sentence formation
Sacrifice:
            Rashid Minhas sacrificed his life for the nation.
Commendable:  His effort to achieve A grade in the exams is commendable.
Prosperity:         Hard work brings the ultimate prosperity.
Invasion:            They built a fort to defend the town from any foreign invasion.
Motherland:       We should strive to become a true patriot and serve our motherland.
Responsible:       No one else but she, herself, is solely responsible for her failure.
Nationalism:       Th spirit of nationalism brings love for the country.


Grammar Patriotism

Q.A) Use appropriate modals to:


1) Describe your three abilities and capacities
2) Ask the teacher’s permission for going out
3) Ask a friend to lend you a book
4) Express necessity to get up early
5) Express duty/obligation to follow traffic rules
6) Share some past habit

Federal Class 9 Notes English Cha 2 Patriotism

Answer:

1) Describe your three abilities and capacities

  • I can draw sketches.
  • I can swim well.
  • I can read Arabic and English with fluency.

2) Ask the teacher’s permission for going out

  • May I go out of the class, please?

3) Ask a friend to lend you a book

  • Could you lend me your practical Physics book?

4) Express necessity to get up early

  • I must set my alarm as I always get up late.

5) Express duty/obligation to follow traffic rules

  • We should follow traffic rules to avoid accidents.

6) Share some past habit

  • I used to go out for a walk during my summer vacations.

Q.B) Identify the kinds of the following sentences, (exclamatory, assertive, interrogative, negative, imperative)

1) Art is another subject in which I am particularly interested.
2) What a beautiful painting !
3) Teach him to learn.
4) How would l know ?
5) She did not make a false statement.

Answer:
1) Art is another subject in which I am particularly interested. Assertive
2) What a beautiful painting! Exclamatory
3) Teach him to learn. Imperative
4) How would l know? Interrogative
5) She did not make a false statement. Negative


Q.C) Punctuate the following:

captain muhammad sarwar major tufail muhammad major aziz bhatti pilot officer rashid minhas major muhammad akram major shabbir shaheed captain karnal sher khan and havaladar lalak jan all embraced martyrdom while fighting bravely for their motherland all of them were awarded nishan e haider the highest military award given to great patriots who lay down their lives for the country

Answer:
Captain Muhammad Sarwar, Major Tufail Muhammad, Major Aziz Bhatti, Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas, Major Muhammad Akram, Major Shabbir Shaheed, Captain Karnal Sher Khan, and Havaldar Lalak Jan – all embraced martyrdom while fighting bravely for their motherland.  All of them were awarded Nishan e Haider, the highest military award given to great patriots who lay down their lives for the country. 


Writing skills

Q.A) Summarize paragraph 4 of the lesson in three to four sentences.

Answer:
The spirit of patriotism makes us active and alert as we become careful when any other country plans to attack us. There are a number of instances of people sacrificing their lives for our country. During the wars of 1965 and 1971 and the Kargil War, many of our brave military officers and soldiers sacrificed their lives for the country.

Q.B) Summarize the lesson in your own words.

Answer:
  Summary
The text is about the spirit of patriotism. It discusses the qualities of a patriot and how he sacrifices everything for the progress of a country. Patriotism means being loyal to one’s country. A true patriot is always willing to sacrifice his life for the defense of his country. A patriot will never compromise on the sovereignty and integrity of his country.Quaid e Azam was a great patriot and wanted to protect the Islamic culture in the subcontinent. It was he who gave Muslims a vision and achieved a separate homeland for them. The spirit of patriotism plays a vital role against foreign aggression. It makes us active and alert. There are a number of instances of people sacrificing their lives for our country. During the wars of 1965 and 1971 and the Kargil war, many of our brave military officers and soldiers sacrificed their lives for the country. The great patriots who embraced martyrdom were awarded the highest military award that is Nishan e Haider.

Q.C) Which steps should we take to make our nation patriotic.

Answer:
We can inculcate the spirit of patriotism in our nation by teaching lessons and stories on patriotism through our syllabus of educational institutions. We should publish various articles and essays on newspapers and internet. We should present discussions on TV and radio about our national heroes. Moreover, parents should teach children the importance of being patriotic.

Q.D) Write an essay on any one of our national heroes. (170 – 200 words)

Answer:
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jannah was the architect of Pakistan. He was born on 25th December 1876.  He fought sincerely and selflessly the battle of freedom for the Muslims and won in the long run. He received his early education in Karachi Mission School. Then, he was admitted in Sindh Madrasa-tul-Islam from where he passed his matriculation in 1895. Afterward, he went to England and took his Barrister’s degree from Lincoln’s Inn.


After completing his education, he came back to India and started law-practice in Bombay. Those were the days of British rule and Indians were fighting for freedom. Quaid-e-Azam, as his nature was, could not lag in this sacred task and soon by his persistent devotion to duty, sincerity and enthusiasm came to the front row of the freedom fighters. He started his political career as a member of the Bombay Legislature. Then he joined Indian Nation Congress. When he realized that the Congress was a neo-Hindu body, he resigned and joined the All India Muslim League in 1922. He had been the greatest spokesman of the Indian Muslims for a separate state for them.

By 1930 he became an undisputed leader of the Muslims. Soon he began to reorganize the Indian Muslim league all over India. People gave him the title of Quaid-e-Azam for his selfless services for the Muslim cause, freedom, and creation of Pakistan.


Mr. Jinnah’s integrity of character was beyond reproach. Gandhi called him ‘an impossible man’, for he would never compromise on principles. He stood like a rock against his opponents. He united the defeated groups of Muslims into a force to reckon with. From 1940 (The Year Of Pakistan Resolution) till his death on 11th September 1948, Quaid-e-Azam worked day and night for strengthening the Muslim League. It was due to his untiring efforts and wise leadership that Pakistan came into being.


He was a great champion of freedom for the people of India, our national hero, and one of the greatest leaders in the world. His political career covers a very wide span of about half a century. This career is the most spotless one that the world has ever known. Even his enemies admit the integrity of his character. It is our duty as the true Pakistanis to follow his footsteps and work honestly for the solidarity and prosperity of Pakistan—the land of the Pak or ‘the pious people’. Let us try to be ‘pious’ in the true sense. Let us uphold the biggest motto of our Quaid which is unity, faith, and discipline.

Q.E) Write a short dialogue between a political activist and a teenager in which the political activist tries to make the teenager understand the importance of patriotism.

Answer:
                                                                Dialogue
Teenager:
 Excuse me, sir! Can I have your attention, please?
Political activist: Yes, sure why not, son.
Teenager: Sir, I idealize our soldiers so much. What motivates them to sacrifice their lives for the honor of a country?
Political activist: My son, it is patriotism that does wonders.
Teenager: That’s great! But what patriotism is basically?
Political activist: It’s the love of one’s motherland and it’s being loyal and true to one’s nation.
Teenager: Sir, what is the most important thing for becoming a true patriot?
Political activist: Sovereignty, integrity, and honor of the country are the requisites for a patriot.
Teenager: And, sir, is this what brought Muslims to strive for a separate homeland?
Political activist: Yes, you have got the point. It was the spirit of patriotism that led them to the struggle towards a separate homeland.
Teenager: Sir, is it confined to foreign aggression?
Political activist: Not at all, it has no boundaries. It is needed in both war and peace. We can make Pakistan a prosperous nation through this spirit.
Teenager: Thank you for this valuable information, sir.
Political activist: You are welcome, my son.  

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