English Class 9 Notes Chapter 1 for kpk

English Class 9 Notes Chapter 1 Comprehension, Vocabulary, Writing Grammar, essay, and translation for kpk boards.

English Class 9 Notes Chapter 1

Comprehension

: A) Answer the following questions.

What does the Quran say about tolerance?

The Holy Quran says, “O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” (Al-Baqarah 2:153)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a man of extraordinary endurance? Explain.

The Holy Prophet was a man of extraordinary endurance and tolerance. It is his tolerance that let him forgive his worst enemies. He is an epitome of tolerance, forgiveness, endurance, and compassion. The Holy Quran describes him as Rehmatul-Lil-Alameen, which means ‘a mercy unto the whole mankind and the universe’.

How did the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) treat the people of Makkah after victory?

After the conquest of Makkah, when everyone gathered in Khana-e-Kaaba, the Holy Prophet asked the people of Quraish what they expected at the Prophet’s SAW hands. They asked for kindness and pity, and the Prophet (SAW), using the forgiving words of Prophet Yousuf AS, forgave his brothers. He (SAW) even forgave Abu Sufyan and his wife, who were his worst enemies.

Why was the Rabbi asking for the repayment days before the loan was due?

The Jewish Rabbi, Zaid bin Sanah, was asking for repayment from the Holy Prophet (PBUH) days before the loan was due because he wanted to test the Prophet’s (PBUH) tolerance.

What does the tolerance of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) teach us?

The tolerance of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) teaches us that we should always treat people with kindness and compassion. Violence, anger, and rudeness were never a part of the Prophet’s (PBUH) personality, and neither should they be a part of ours. He showed tolerance in the face of adversity and kindness in the face of harsh treatment.

What was the effect of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) kindness on the Rabbi?

The effect of the kindness of the Holy Prophet’s kindness on the Rabbi was that he immediately renounced his religion and accepted Islam before the Holy Prophet (PBUH).

What is the main idea of the lesson?

The main idea of the lesson, “Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Model of Tolerance” was that we, like the Prophet (PBUH), should always be kind, forgiving and tolerant. Patience is a true virtue and the Prophet (PBUH) is the perfect example of what a good human should be like.

Vocabulary

A) Find the meaning of the following words in the dictionary and identify the part of speech of the word through abbreviation used.

i) frightened

Answer:
afraid; anxious
Part of speech: Adjective

ii) harsh

unpleasantly rough; cruel or severe
Part of speech: Adjective

iii) tolerance

the ability or willingness to tolerate the existence of opinions or behaviour that one dislikes or disagrees with.
Part of Speech: noun

iv) convey

to transport or carry to a place; to communicate; to make known or understandable
Part of Speech: verb

v) violence

behavior involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.
Part of Speech: noun

vi) reward

Answer:
noun: a fair return for good or bad behavior.
verb: give something to (someone) in recognition of their services, efforts, or achievements.

vii) honesty

Answer:
truthfulness; sincerity
part of speech: noun

viii) insult

Answer:
verb: speak to or treat with disrespect or scornful abuse.
noun: a disrespectful or scornfully abusive remark or act.

B) Consult a thesaurus and find out the synonyms of the following words.

i) truth

Answer:
fact; certainty

ii) rude

Answer:
disrespectful; offensive

iii) sincere

Answer:
earnest; genuine

iv) fear

Answer:
terror; horror

v) kindness

Answer:
goodwill; concern

vi) forgive

Answer:
to pardon; excuse

vii) argument

Answer:
feud; disagreement

viii) swell

Answer:
bulge, expand 


Writing

A) Write a paragraph on the “Patience of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) using specific words, vivid verbs, modifiers, etc. Use appropriate supporting details and transitional devices.

Answer:

The Patience of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

The Holy Prophet (SAW) is an ideal example for the entirety of mankind. His tolerance, kindness, and compassion knew no bounds. He forgave his worst enemies and people who wronged him, and never hesitated to give people a second chance. Although many disbelievers treated him with harshness, he patiently forgave them and inspired many to convert to Islam.

B) Analyze the first paragraph in the text to identify the theme.

Answer:

The theme of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) the Model of Tolerance is the exemplary tolerance of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the importance of this virtue. As described in the Holy Quran, he is Rehmat Ul-Lil-Alameen, which means “a mercy unto the whole of mankind and the universe”. It was because of his tolerance that he forgave his worst enemies. The Prophet (PBUH) is described as the epitome of tolerance, forgiveness, patience and compassion.

C) Discuss tolerance with reference to the current world scenario? Write a paragraph of at least 100 words.

Answer:

Tolerance with reference to the current world scenario:

The world nowadays can be considered as a global village, with electronic media bringing the global population closer than ever. We interact with people significantly different from us on a regular basis, and we must learn to accept and respect them. Gender, race, religion, class, and age cannot be discriminated upon, as the measure of one’s abilities is can only be observed from his behavior, as taught in Islam. It is tolerance and acceptance that brings people closer. The example of the Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) tolerance and patience towards even his greatest enemies clearly represents the behavior of a good human. The whole of humanity must be tolerant of differences and work together in order to make the world a better place.

D) Write down the summary of the lesson “Prophet Muhammad (SAW) the Model of Tolerance”.

Answer:

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) the Model of Tolerance

Summary: Tolerance is an equitable attitude toward people who are different from us. It is a great virtue and is embodied by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He forgave his worst enemies and is described in the Quran as “Rahmatul-Lil-Alameen”. It means “a mercy unto the whole of mankind and the universe”.

His tolerance and kindness can be observed from the event when the Quraish exiled the Prophet (PBUH) and his tribe, Banu Hashim, for preaching Islam in Makkah. The Muslims lived difficult lives for three years. Despite this, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) remained patient and tolerant, and he never considered retribution. He was kind to the disbelievers (including Abu Sufyan and his wife, who were his worst enemies) even after conquering Makkah, forgiving them and instructing the Muslim army to treat everyone with kindness and respect.

In a similar event, the Holy Prophet’s reaction towards the Jewish Rabbi, Zaid Ibn Sanah’s premature demand of repayment of his loan inspired the disbelieving man to accept Islam. Although the Prophet (PBUH) was not a defaulter, he still treated the Rabbi with tolerance and patience.

His tolerance was immeasurable, and aggression was never a part of his nature.

E) Translate the following passage from English into Urdu.

Tolerance means the ability or willingness to endure the existence of opinions or behaviour that one dislikes or disagrees with. People who have less ability easily fall prey to aggression, haste reactions, anger and all other negative attitudes. Tolerance is one of the paths of winning Allah’s will and happiness. In the Holy Quran, Allah has guaranteed those who are patient that He will give them reward without measure.

Answer:

 رواداری کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ رائے یا رویے کی موجودگی کو ، یا ناگزیر رویے کو برداشت کرنے کی صلاحیت یا خواہش۔ جن لوگوں کے پاس اس صلاحیت کی کمی ہوتی ہے، وہ آسانی سے جارحیت، جلدی ردعمل، غصہ اور دیگر تمام منفی رویوں سے شکار ہوتے ہیں. رواداری اللہ کی مرضی اور خوشحالی جیتنے کے راستوں میں سے ایک ہے۔ قرآن کریم میں، اللہ نے ان لوگوں کو اس بات کی ضمانت دی ہے جو صبر کرتے ہیں کہ وہ انہیں بےحساب انعام دیں گے۔


Grammar

A) Noun

Q.1) A book is a good friend.

Answer:

Books are good friends.

Q.2) A small car is a great vehicle.

Answer:

Small cars are great vehicles.

Q.3) Are the students in the classrooms?

Answer:

Is the student in the classroom?

Q.4) These glasses aren’t for those women to wear.

Answer:

These glasses aren’t for that woman to wear.

Q.5) The brush is under the chair.

Answer:

The brushes are under the chairs.

B) Choose whether the following nouns are concrete or abstract nouns.

i) love

Answer:

Abstract

ii) book

Answer:

Concrete

iii) girl

Answer:

Concrete

iv) intelligence

Answer:

Abstract

v) mouse

Answer:

Concrete

vi) loyalty

Answer:

Abstract

vii) laptop

Answer:

Concrete

viii) peace

Answer:

Abstract

C) Choose whether the following nouns are countable or uncountable(count or uncount). Also, use the words in sentences of your own.

i) coffee

Answer:

uncountable

Sentence: She asked me if I would like some coffee.

ii) tea

Answer:

uncountable

Sentence: We bought tea from the herbal store.

iii) boy

Answer:

countable

Sentence: The boy broke his neighbor’s window.

iv) soap

Answer:

uncountable

Sentence: The hotel ran out of soap.

v) table

Answer:

countable

Sentence: The cat hid under a table.

vi) car

Answer:

Countable

Sentence: He drives a red car.

vii) honey

Answer:

Uncountable

Sentence: Using honey instead of sugar is good for your health.

viii) keyboard

Answer:

Countable

Sentence: They were looking for a new keyboard.

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